In 1948 a Bedouin shepherd-boy went looking for a stray goat and stumbled upon a cave. In the cave were hidden clay pots that turned out to contain treasured manuscripts that provided an insight into the lives of a mysterious sect that lived in the region from the second century BC until the year 68 AD. The site near these caves is called Qumran and was excavated between the years of 1952 and 1956.
The "Dead sea Scrolls" was the name given to the scrolls that were found due to them being found in the Dead Sea region. The details of the sect that are revealed through the scrolls are fascinating; the sect lived a communal life and was an extreme section of the Isiim sect.
The Qumran area contains remains from various periods, most importantly those from the Second Temple period and from the Bar Kochba rebellion. The cave where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found can be seen and an audio-visual presentation tells the story of the site as well as the story of the people who lived here.